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Miniatura: 2007-05-08 13:42:53 kurs na Gi?ycko znak (121) Pe?ne zdj: 2007-05-10 16:45:06 zporr-inny (182)  Miniatura: 2008-02-11 13:32:12 logo informacji turystycznej (1179)


Already in the Middle Ages, the Great Mazurian Lakes proved to be an important natural barrier which effectively limited the freedom of maneuver for armies in the Eastern part of the Teutonic Miniatura: 2007-05-09 12:44:48 fortyfikacje Kruklanki (135) Order state and later in the Prussian country. Appreciating defense values of the lake line,the locals started a process of their fortification in mid 19th century. Its remains are present in the landscape of the Gizycko province even today constituting a unique example of militaris architecture of the 19th and 20th centuries in Poland. The Boyen Fortress in Gizycko was the key element of the defense system in the eastern part of the Mazury region. It is a unique example of Prussian “Feste”, i.e. an artillery barrage fort whose task was to block the widest and the most convenient pass in the Wegorzewo-Ruciane belt.
Miniatura: 2007-04-04 18:48:49 boyen11 (77)
The construction is of regular 6-pointed star shape and is situated on the western outskirt of the town, within the so-called Gizycko Isle. Two fronts of the fortress are of a polygonal outline, while four of them are of a bastion one. In late 19th century, the fortress was strengthened with bombproof infantry shelters, a gun powder laboratory, main munitions magazine and observational posts, among others. In an effort to strengthen the defense values of the lakes, resistance points of the Masurische Seenstellung (Mazurian Lake Position) wereMiniatura: 2007-04-04 18:35:06 boyen2 (68) erected in the region of the Kula Pass, Zielony Gaj, Szymonka, Mikolajki and Ruciane. The system proved to be an efficient barrier for Russian armies in 1914 and 1915. Still during the war, the construction of Lötzener Feldstellung (Gizycko Field Position) was begun. On the front starting at the Sniardwy Lake and continuing through Tyrklo-Buwelno-Wojnowo to Przykop and then to Staswiny-river Staswinka-Upalty-Siedliska-Kruklin-Kruklin Lake-Goldapiwo-river Sapina- Stregiel Wlk Lake and Swiecajty (the eastern front) and the Dejguny-Dobskie-Ilawki-Guber-Rynskie lakes(the western front), the total of 50 resistance points were raised with 255 concrete construction Miniatura: 2007-04-04 18:39:20 boyen5 (71) buildings based on H-type corrugated iron whose chamber section was based on 4/5 of circumference of a circle. In late 1930ties, the position was developed into Befestigungen bei Lötzen (Gizycko Fortified Region). The majority of shelters were constructed in accordance with the B1 category of resistance which was applied in the 1930ties. B1-1 and B1-1a were the main type of shelters having been equipped with front armour plates and designed to service one heavy machine gun each. In late 1944, the position was fortified with a line of tank traps and the Koch “pots”.

Miniatura: 2007-04-25 12:56:23 (106)   Miniatura: 2007-04-04 18:33:06 boyen1 (67)   Miniatura: 2007-06-05 13:02:45 bunkier2 (462)

Miniatura: 2007-06-05 13:04:29 twierdza kierunek zwiedzania (465)   Miniatura: 2007-06-05 13:03:27 twierdza brama (464)   Miniatura: 2007-06-05 13:03:05 bunkier (463)

Pe?ne zdj: 2007-06-05 13:32:21 mapa fortyfikacje (466)

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